Use of Civic Wreath or Crown

 
Rob McLaughlin
 
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Rob McLaughlin
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20 November 2006 08:17
 

It is my understanding the use of a civic crown is open to those saving a life and the historical application pertained specifically to saving the life of a fellow soldier on the battle field.

Is the civic crown or wreath used in CoAs today?  I cannot find any examples on the AHS or IAAH Role of Arms.

 

Is it appropriate if the lives saved are through an occupation, (EMT, Physician)?

 

Does it matter whether the wreath/crown is used as a charge, on top of the torse or in place of the torse?

 

Thoughts?

 

If I remember correctly the use of a civic crown was mentioned in a thread that addressed this issue of using association honors in a CoA…can someone direct me please.

 

Thanks,

 

Rob

 
Marcus K
 
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20 November 2006 15:42
 

The Badge of the Toronto Emergency Medical Services is ensigned by a Civic/Mural Crown.

http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/ProjectPics/iv377_19990019_arms_tor_sm.jpg

 
Joseph McMillan
 
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Joseph McMillan
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20 November 2006 16:00
 

The civic or mural crown is usually used in British, German, and Iberian heraldry (and perhaps others) primarily on the arms of towns and cities and other organs of local government.

The mural crown has also been used in British heraldry as a crest coronet for the arms of distinguished soldiers—mainly generals.  I’ve never seen any reference to its being used for saving life on the battlefield.  Can you provide a reference?

 
Rob McLaughlin
 
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20 November 2006 19:33
 

Marcus..Thank you.

Joseph,

 

This is what I have been able to find:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civic_Crown

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"The Civic Crown (Latin: corona civica) was a chaplet of common oak leaves woven to form a crown. During the Roman Republic, and the subsequent Principate, it was regarded as the second highest military decoration a citizen could aspire to (the Grass Crown being held in higher regard). It was reserved for men who saved the lives of fellow soldiers, and held the ground upon which he did this for the remainder of the engagement."

 

http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossc.htm

"When the material is oak the device is often blazoned as a wreath, and there is especially a ‘wreath of oak acorned’ which bears the name of the ‘Civic wreath,’ or the Civic Crown. It is supposed to represent the Roman crown conferred upon public benefactors, especially upon those who had saved the life of a citizen. The leaves should be represented tied together by a ribbon. The Ducal Coronet(q.v. under Crown) had originally oak leaves, but strawberry-leaves have been substituted."

 

http://www.fleurdelis.com/meanings.htm

"Civic Wreath (of oak leaves and acorns)  One who saved a fellow

citizen’s life or shown patriotism in defense of one’s native land."

 

Thanks,

 

Rob

 
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