England

Introduction

According to English heraldists, the right to bear an English coat of arms is restricted to persons who have had arms either granted to them by one of the English kings of arms, or confirmed to them in one of the heraldic visitations conducted between about 1530 and 1689, and to their descendants in the legitimate male line. While some scholars, notably Oswald Barron and J. Horace Round, writing in the early 20th century, questioned this interpretation, it is nevertheless the prevailing view of the English law of arms.